Does pregnancy lead to tooth loss?
"No. Pregnancy is not a cause of periodontal disease. But the condition of pregnancy depletes the immune system of the woman and pre-existing problems worsen. All pregnant women suffer from "pregnancy Gingivitis" (Gingivitis gravidarum) because of the increased female hormones that are "good food" for periodontal pathogens. However, if the woman’s gums were healthy before the pregnancy, this temporary inflammation passes without consequences.
However, if the woman had untreated periodontitis, it deteriorates throughout pregnancy.
Almost all pregnant women have bleeding gums, especially in the first half of the pregnancy. It is better to contact their dentist to thoroughly clean the tartar and to receive the appropriate advice for hygiene and prophylactic treatments.
Dental treatment throughout pregnancy, even under anesthesia, for example, cavities and placing crowns, scaling, etc., is not problematic. However, treatments of old infections, such as retreatment of root canals, are not undertaken because it can lead to the blood reaching the fetus being infected.
If a pregnant woman suffers from heavy purulent periodontitis, it is better if her treatment is directed by the periodontist, who works together with the doctor monitoring her pregnancy to plan a timely and safe treatment to prevent premature birth.